Running Django Project Tutorials on PythonAnywhere

The recommendation is to read this document completely before starting and also read the text from the tutorial completely before starting to write code.

You will encounter a lot of problems if you jump right in and start cutting and pasting.

The rest of theis document is here to help you with problems you might encounter while building the tutorial on PythonAnywhere.

You must be in your virtual environment

If you are not in your virtual environment in a bash shell on PythonAnywhere lots of things will fail. You will not have access to the correct version of Python and you will not have a proper installation of Django. You can always check which python you are running using the --version option.

In the example below we are running Python 2.7.12 (bad) and Django 1.11.26 (very bad) without the virtual environment and once we activate into the virtual environment we are using Python 3.6 and Django 3.1.

17:33 ~ $ python --version
Python 2.7.12
17:33 ~ $ python -m django --version
1.11.26
17:33 ~ $ workon django3
(django3) 17:33 ~ $ python --version
Python 3.6.9
(django3) 17:36 ~ $ python -m django --version
3.1.1
(django3) 17:33 ~ $ 

Each time you start a new bash shell, you need to type workon django3. If you leave and come back to a shell that is still running, if you see the '(django3)' in your prompt - you do not have to re-run the workon command. It just needs to be done once per shell.

There are several errors that you might get if your virtual environment is not activated:

The problem with these errors is that you think you are supposed to edit files like manage.py or settings.py but the files are already just fine, you are just using the wrong versions of software.

Your manage.py looks incorrect in the PythonAnywhere editor

First and most important - you should not ever change the contents of the manage.py file. The file is built by Django for you and does not need to be changed.

However, if you open manage.py in the PythonAnywhere text editor even to look at it, it will show a little red "X" on line 16 or 17 indicating a syntax error.

The problem (much like the virtual environment problem) is the wrong version of Python. The text editor is looking at the file as a Python 2.x file and not as a Python 3.x file. So the file shows a syntax error.

Do not fix this error.

If the error really bothers you, edit the first line of the file and change python to python3 and save the file. The error will magically disappear. Do not make any other changes to the file.

If you came here after you tried to fix the syntax error and made it worse, simply look closely at every line of the correct file and fix your file. Usually the problem is indentation, a line has been deleted or something was moved around.

If you see a SyntaxError in 'manage.py' in the shell

If the check identifies errors, do not go on to the rest of the assignment once you can run check and there are no errors. If you see this error:

python manage.py check
  File "manage.py", line 17
    ) from exc
         ^
SyntaxError: invalid syntax

Do not edit your manage.py file - the problem is never in that file.

There are several possible reasons for this:

Don't use runserver on PythonAnywhere

Just as a note, you never run the runserver command on PythonAnywhere. Often the tutorials have you make a bunch of changes to yout files and then tell you to do:

python3 manage.py runserver

This functionality is replaced by the "reload" button on your Web tab. So if you are reading any Django instructions that say to do a runserver, instead do a

python3 manage.py check

And then reload the application in the PythonAnywhere Web tab. There is a short cut to relead your application on the PythonAnywhere file editor. It is a little icon in the upper right of the editor that reloads the application. Usually you save the file, press reload and then check if your application worked.

Don't Use localhost URLs on PythonAnywhere

Usually, right after the tutorial tells you to python manage.py runserver it tells you to navigate to a url that looks like:

http://127.0.0.1:8000/

Once you have reloaded your application you need to go to the URL that PythonAnywhere has assigned to your application.

http://(your-account).pythonanywhere.com/
http://drchuck.pythonanywhere.com/

If the tutorial tells you to go to a URL like

http://127.0.0.1:8000/polls

Add the polls to your URL.

http://drchuck.pythonanywhere.com/polls

You do not need to add django_projects or mysite to your URL - this is all captured in the settings under the 'Web' tab in the PythonAnywhere user interface.

When everything works but your application says 'Something went wrong :-('

If your application passed a check but fails to load or reload, you might get an error message that looks like this.

If you get an error, you will need to look through the error logs under the Web tab on PythonAnywhere:

An image showing the three log links under the Web tab in PythonAnywhere

First check the error log and then check the server log. Make sure to scroll through the logs to the end to find the most recent error.